May is National Blood Pressure Education Month; know your numbers

Dr Sue Mitra

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High blood pressure carries a significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke.

High blood pressure is the third leading cause of death in the US

Almost half of the adult US population live with high blood pressure, also known as hypertension.

This month’s focus is on educating people about hypertension and lowering your risk factors, and managing it.

High blood pressure creates stress on the circulatory system, raising the risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, kidney disease, vision loss, etc…

The risk factors for hypertension include increased age, family history, genetic factors, obesity and having excess weight, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcohol, a diet high in saturated fat and salt, stress, diabetes, pregnancy and sleep apnea.

Dr. Mitra’s previous three columns:

Tummy ache?:Does your stomach regularly hurt? It could be irritable bowel syndrome

Know the signs of a stroke:The quicker they are treated the better chance of recovery

Kidney health:Your kidneys do much more than you realize; make sure you take care of them

Dr Sue Mitra

The heart pumps oxygenated blood to various vital organs in the body.

Blood pressure is the pressure of blood that pushes against the walls of your arteries.

Arteries carry blood from your heart to various parts of your body.

Blood pressure is measured using two numbers, systolic and diastolic.

The top number is known as systolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart contracts.

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